Rapat umum WAMTI ke2, 2016

May 15, 2016 - Leave a Response

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Bangun pasar petani di Kota, melalui sentral distribusi hasil pertanian

August 2, 2014 - Leave a Response

Sydney growers market di Flemington Sydney memberikan inspirasi untuk memperbaiki hubungan ekonomi desa dan kota. Pemerintah Sydney membangun sentral distribusi hasil pertanian hortikultura untuk petani-petani produsen memasarkan hasilnya di dekat kota. Termasuk memfasilitasi perusahaan dagang hasil-hasil hortikultura di wilayah tersebut.

Sentral distribusi hasil tani “Sydney Growers Market” tidak menjual produk yang tidak dikemas. Sehingga petani-petani telah melakukan seleksi dan pengemasan karton-karton di lokasi dimana buah dan sayur dihasilkan. Kemudian didistribusikan ke Sydney growers market dengan truck-truck petani untuk dipasarkan kepada konsumen seperti supermarket, caterers, food processor, exporter, restoran. Disini transaksi bersifat wholesale (grossir) bukan detail.
Pola ini merupakan bentuk perbaikan dari pola-pola pasar induk di Indonesia yang menjual hasil tani dalam bentuk Bulk dan detail yang berdampak pada gunungan sampah yang tidak terkendali.
Pola ini juga merupakan strategi yang bagus untuk memperbaiki ekonomi desa melalui penguatan pasar petani di kota-kota.

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Improving Resilience to Shocks

June 8, 2014 - Leave a Response

Food-borne Diseases and Public Health Shocks in East Asia and the Pacific http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M019PHR2i1s&sns=tw via @youtube

Improving Resilience to Shocks in Regional Contexts. Agusdin Pulungan, President, Indonesia Farmers and Fishers Society Organisation (WAMTI), Indonesia, panelist at Parallel Session 9E on “Building Resilience to Food-borne Diseases and Public Health Shocks in East Asia and the Pacific.” IFPRI 2020 conference on Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security, May 15-17, 2014, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. More information at http://www.2020resilience.ifpri.info
UNjobs Association of Geneva – C.p. 322 – 1211 Geneva 21 – Switzerland
Not an official document of the United Nations

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Advancing a nexus approach to the sustainable management of water, soil and waste

November 28, 2013 - Leave a Response

Interconnected management of the resources water, soil and waste is suited to deal with some of these implications. The participants agreed that the global trends in demography, urbanization and climate will speed up the process of implementing the nexus approach to cope with these trends and the resulting challenges. In this context, it was discussed that models and tools are available or at least already defined to support the integrated management of environmental resources. However, the parameterization and calibration of the models might be difficult because of a lack of input data and monitoring data. The participants agreed that a lack of skilled governance and education hampers the implementation of interconnected management. But it was concluded that capacity development at the individual and institutional level may help to overcome this problem.

The contributors disagreed about the need for more research on the Nexus. But there was a common understanding that waiting for new research results would be a waste of time. Instead, rethinking existing research results from a nexus perspective might be an initial point for taking action. (international kickoff workshop, United Nations University, Dresden,Germany), 11-12 November 2013, http://flores.unu.edu/international-kick-off-workshop-on-advancing-a-nexus-approach-concluded

agusdinp,panelist at Kickoff workshop on soil,water,waste, dresden germany,11nov2013kickoff workshop, Nexus, Dresden Germany 11 nov2013,picture

LES AGRICULTUERS DU MONDE, G120, Paris

September 17, 2013 - Leave a Response

Instabilité des prix des matières premières agricoles

Causes et conséquences de l’instabilité des prix desmatières premières agricoles Les choix de production des agriculteurs tiennent compte de l’évolution des cours des matières premiè-res agricoles. Depuis quelques années, le secteur agricole assiste à une amplification de l’instabilité deces prix et des marchés et à une succession de crises alimentaires. Quelles sont les raisons de cetteinstabilité et quelles sont ses conséquences concrètes sur les agriculteurs et sur la production agricole dans le monde ?

Modérateur : Christian Schubert, journaliste au Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Allemagne

– Exposé d’Ann Berg, Consultante – Expert à la FAO sur les marchés à terme et marchés au comptant des produits agricoles

Table ronde autour de dirigeants agricoles

Luis Bianco, Président, Coopératives Agricoles Fédérées (CAF),Uruguay

Peter Kendall, Président, Syndicat National des Agriculteurs (NFU), Royaume-Uni

Lacina Tuo, Président, Intercoton, Côte d’Ivoire

Christian Pèes, Vice-Président, Coop de France

Ron Bonnett, Président, Fédération Canadienne d’Agriculture (FCA)

Agusdin Pulungan, Président, Organisation Indonésienne des Agriculteurs et Pêcheurs (WAMTI), INDONESIA

Dialogue avec la salle

speech to World Meteorological Organization on climate services, of Switzerland

August 21, 2013 - Leave a Response

Good morning,

Mr. Robert Carlson, WFO President

I would like to thank, to WFO and WMO for inviting me to this very important seminar to discuss for a solution to the fate, live and dead of the family farmers.

I am Agusdin Pulungan, from WAMTI, The Indonesian Farmers and Fishers Society Organization.

I feel honored to be with you today, to share with you about the challenges of farmers towards the climate services. And today, I am going to tell you about the farmer’s case in my country; Indonesia.

To start with, I want to tell you a story about Sukini. Sukini is a women farmer, living in Wonogiri, in the Central of Java island, Indonesia.

In a heat afternoon, Sukini takes off her bamboo hat and like in a dream. In front of her, she looks at her rice crop field that suddenly exposed to pests. She has no idea “whether the pest is plant hopper or anything. The Rice crop is turning red from the roots up  “. She is much aware that with such a conditions, it is not certain, whether the harvest season can be expected. The rain that is usually down for three months was earlier to come. And at that afternoon, again and again come a torrential rain.

The Sukini story, is just one of thousands of stories about Indonesian farmers who swayed by environmental destruction resulting impacts of climate change. It adds to the  frequency and severity of most routine hazards, such as floods, droughts, and landslides.

Two weeks ago, I have got update information from the meteorological agency, informing that the harvesting time in 2013 will delay, due to the delay of raining season at the end of 2012. We also receive a warning, telling us, that this condition will affect production and harvest failure.

Ladies and Gentleman,

Did you know? associated with the sukini story,

During 2002 to 2009, according to the official report, there are about 1 million people or more than 200.000 Indonesian family farmers have suffered from the climate disaster. About 303.641 ha food crops was damaged  due to drought and about 271.381 ha due to flood. Not to mention, how many losses for other crops and livestock that were caused by the pest and diseases.

Currently, there are about 80 million people in my country who are depending on farming economy. To this vulnerability community, the effects of depression and stress of life becomes more severe. They have a high level of exposure to climate change. Damage to crops due to the pest population, due to an imbalance in the environment, due to the suddenly coming flood and the drought. And it will bring more and more losses with unawareness and disability of the farmers to respond to this crisis.

On the other hands, the scientist, the climate provider, and the government, were saying that the influence of global climate change on the Indonesian agriculture has become a reality. This change indicated among others by the catastrophic floods, droughts caused by a long dry season and a higher temperature and shifting of the rainy season that in recent years led to the shifting time of planting and harvesting of food crops like rice, pulses and vegetables. The availability of water for crops and livestock become more and more uncertain.

Based on the results of monitoring conducted by the Ministry of Agriculture, the climate change impact in the farming sector can be grouped into two, namely; the direct impacts and indirect impacts. The direct impact can be vulnerable such as livestock diseases or changes in animal behavior as a form of adaptation that affect eventually to the decrease in productivity . Indirectly,  disruption of feed availability.

Immediate impact  is in the form of cattle susceptibility to pests mainly in La Nina conditions when rainfall and high humidity occurred. Poultry faces a variety of symptoms such as poultry disease during La Nina years 2010-2011, included: Newcastle Disease (ND), Chronic Respiratory Disease (CRD), Infectious Bronchitis (IB), Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD), Infectious Laryngotraechitis (ILT) and AI (avian influenza / AI). These pest explosion is just one factor among other vulnerabilities faced by farmers associated with climate change.

I think this is not the time for business as usual. I do aware that there are efforts conducted by the climate provider to mitigate and to try to find the solutions to adapt with this climate change. In our case, the climate providers try to find the way by changing agricultural practices and improve water management techniques. But there are some barriers, the high cost of training and price of tools to equipt the farmers are the constraints. With these conditions, most of the farmers are unable to act and adapt properly.

Farmers is actually has an awareness to what and how climate change is happening. Unfortunately, the farmers have not been able to read the scientific information on climatic changes, especially those information from the Meteorological institute. Then, they could not do the right actions in anticipating the changing season.

Ladies and gentlemen,

A good climate services has to begin with the farmers.

There is no farmers in any country can escape from the impact of climate change. In the past, the way that the climate provider used to inform the farmers was less specific,  less appropiate to challenge this climate crisis.

Again, it has to begin with farmers. You have to ask to the farmers, to formulate what you can provide for them to make decision. We need to move away from just communication to engagement.  Involve farmers in collecting data, in order to have a usability of the information’s. The climate provider should empower the farmers to engage with the agrometrology services, so that the farmers know, how to choose on what method to grow, to reserve the food, the feed and to manage the seeds stock that appropriate to climate condition, and offcourse to manage and harvest the water. Or creating a specific practical guideline applicable for a local scale.

With this knowledge and involvement, the farmers will be able to do proper action  and to adapt properly in their specific location, or may be,  to take advantages of the possible positive effect of the climate change.

I have a big hope that the climate provider could do this work together with farmers; I believe, by this,  the farmers will increase their ability, and change the behavior in challenging the climate crisis. And, I am keen to know, how it would developed in the future.

To give you a positive example,

What the climate provider, scientist and farmers had been doing in their effort in adaptation, at Ciganjeng Village, the Ciamis regency, West Java Province.

As an effort to adapt, a farmer was introduced to a method of floating rice planting, with SRI method. The result is remarkable; this method could produce 6, 2 Ton yield/ha, they harvested it on 14 march, 2013. While in the normal circumstances, the national average is only 4,5 ton yield/ha.

The purpose of these efforts is to overcome the farmers who are living in the flood prone areas, that facing difficulties and problems in planting rice in the flood season. Actually, the treatment or maintenance of floating rice is not much different from the conventional planting on the ground. But before this adaptation technology introduced, the farmers had never utilize the flooded area for planting rice. Then we will understand what went wrong before.

Ladies and gentlemen,

At least, there are about 17, 8 Million small family farmers are waiting for help and offcourse there are somemore that are ready to work with the climate provider and scientist.

We must do more to combat the climate change. The farmers are tired of “business as usual”. We are sure this is not the time for that. The farmers are hungry for help and action. The Farmers desire to involve in something innovative, that should be realize.

We, “the farmers organizations” WAMTI under WFO are ready to work with you.

Although we understand that there are three types of people in this globe: 1. those who make things happen, 2. those who watch things happen and 3. Those who wonder what happened, but after all, we are one people on one planet, one destiny, to overcome the climate crises.

We must do it together, and I do believe we shall overcome.

Do not confuse with the anecdote of the scientist when it comes into the climate change, which saying that “We must manage the unavoidable and avoid what is manageable”. But, we have to move forward  with progress to meet the realistic needs of all farmers all around the globe.

We all have to wake up, to do our responsibility as stewards to this planet.

And one more thing, do not forget and always be aware, like what Voltaire says: when Men argue, Nature Act.

 Agusdin pulungan

The Death Epilogue, Les Miserables

March 27, 2013 - Leave a Response

Rural 21; Bonn Dialogue

November 17, 2012 - Leave a Response

From the 4th to the 6th June 2012, the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development –“Rio plus 20” – is to be held in Rio de Janeiro/Brazil. In the run-up to this Conference, at the invitation of the German Federal Government, more than 600 representatives of politics and science, international organisations, the private sector and civil society met in Bonn from the 16th to the 18th November 2011.

There, new solutions to ensuring world-wide water, energy and food supplies were to be found – “integrated solutions for an interconnected world”. The topics discussed accordingly ranged from various aspects regarding agriculture (modern/urban), water (innovative management/corporate stewardship/dams/sanitation and hygiene) and energy (sustainable/bio) through “ending food waste from field to fork” and “risks and opportunities for private finance” to the “human rights perspective”. Two events were specially devoted to the soil.

Soils should not be left to themselves
Joachim von Braun, Director of the Center for Development Research (ZEF) in Bonn, Germany, warned not to neglect the issue of soil in the Rio-plus-20 Process. The fact that agricultural land prices in many parts of the world had doubled or even tripled in recent years was encouraging since it reflected the scarcity and asset value of land. It was also encouraging that the United Nations was giving more attention to the subject, for example in the context of the Global Soil Partnership initiated by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations in September 2011. However, the problem of global land degradation was not attracting nearly enough attention as it deserved.

Von Braun quoted results from the survey “The economics of land degradation” that his institute had recently published together with the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). The survey uses various case studies to contrast the cost of action with the cost of inaction. In almost all cases, the cost of action was much lower than the cost of inaction. So soil conservation measures were worthwhile even though they appeared to be expensive at first glance. In addition, the studies demonstrated a clear positive correlation between poverty and higher land degradation. While this positive correlation also existed between government effectiveness and lower land degradation, there was no automatic relation between population growth und land degradation. Von Braun’s message of hope was that “We can manage soils with nine million people in the world!” However, this required a proper partnership concept taking the global dimension of land degradation into consideration. It was also important to separate political decision processes from research-driven processes,” von Braun said, adding that “socio-economics must be part of the solution”.

Land grabbing: Black sheep have to be stopped
A further session was devoted to large-scale investments in land. Stefan Schmitz of the German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) reminded the Conference that agriculture had been neglected in many countries for decades and that investments in agriculture were desperately needed in order to meet the growing demand for food in the world and achieve food security. Here, however, the fact must not be forgotten that in many cases of foreign direct investments (FDI), human rights were being violated and the principle of sustainability and fair share of profits and benefits was not being observed. It was only possible to push investors in the right direction through transparency and monitoring, through “naming and shaming”.

Jeremy Hobbs, Executive Director von Oxfam International, agreed. He gave many accounts of land grabbing in Uganda in which people had been driven from their land. Publishing these cases had resulted in successful steps being taken against the enterprises involved. The Ambassador of Uganda, Francis K. Butagira, who attended the Conference, disputed these statements. “The land was given to the investors to the benefit of the people,” the former judge at the high court of Uganda claimed. “In not a single case was land snatched from the peasants for this purpose – and had this been the case, they could have defended themselves in court.”

Agusdin Pulungan, President of the Indonesian Farmers and Fisherfolk Society, gave an account of the detrimental effects that FDI was having in his country. Mechanisation and the massive use of chemicals were having a negative impact on the environment and biodiversity. “Big investors want to earn money and are not interested in soil conservation,” Pulungan complained. “The governments approve of the investments because they believe that they will help develop infrastructure. But it is a fact that natural resources are being destroyed. This is a long way off from a green economy.” The majority of the Indonesian farmers were smallholders with plots smaller than 2 hectares. In reality, owing to the high price of land, it was difficult for young people in particular to get land and thus secure a livelihood by producing cash crops.

The myth of unused land

The big unknown in the discussion over land grabbing continues to be the true extent of the phenomenon. In its latest survey, the non-governmental organisation Oxfam refers to 227 million hectares world-wide since 2000 (see report  “Land and power” According to Tanja Pickardt of “Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit”, several organisations were working on a cross-checking of the various data cited by the press in the context of a land matrix partnership. Here, 67 million hectares had so far been verified. This had also revealed that the main focus of investments was in areas with high agricultural potential. Top priority was given to Africa, followed by Asia and Latin America, Pickardt maintained. One very strong focus of the land deals was along rivers (e.g. the Niger) and above all on upstream regions of rivers (e.g. the Nile basin). So far, growing food crops had played the biggest role, followed by biofuels, the share of which will continue to rise according to Pickard’s estimates.

Babette Wehrmann of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations reminded the Conference that large-scale investments in land also directly affected energy and water supplies for the local population; even if the land perhaps belonged to nobody, in many cases, the land deals were depriving people of the possibility to find water in the dry season or to produce firewood. Based on her consulting activities in Asia, Wehrmann named possible solutions. In Cambodia, for example, people were identifying land they were using, while the option of community entitling was being discussed in Laos.

Does size matter?
In the discussion, opinions diverged regarding a direct link between the volume of investments and their impacts, whereas participants agreed on the importance of combating corruption and good governance. To wind up the Conference, Stefan Schmitz emphasised the importance of political dialogue with the partner countries and referred to six principles that German Development Co-operation has to guide its own projects:

  • participation, transparency and accountability
  • respect of existing land and water rights
  • respect of the right to food
  • if displacement of people is not avoidable, it must be in line with UN guidelines
  • protection and management of natural resources must be ensured
  • the projects need to lead to a real benefit for the local population.

(sri)
For further reading: A wide range of contributions from the Conference participants are available for downloading at: www.water-energy-food.org

http://www.rural21.com/english/news/detail/article/bonn-2011-conference-the-water-energy-and-food-security-nexus-000036/

Landscapes
 for 
People,
Food and Nature

October 25, 2012 - Leave a Response

Landscapes for People, Food and Nature Blog Post Guidelines

I. General Guidelines
Audience:
The blog will target an international audience from developed and developing nations who have an interest in agriculture, food security, natural resources management and/or poverty reduction issues. This will include a cross‐sectoral group including practitioners and researchers of ecological agriculture, political and community leaders, donor groups,
the media, and the general public. A key target audience will be individuals engaged with the Landscapes Initiative knowledge products, Dialogue, and Action and Advocacy elements.
Structure:
Posts should be exciting and original pieces that offer a new perspective on the respective topic and encourage dialogue on the issue. A variety of styles – journalistic, narrative, commentary – are appropriate, but should reflect the series for which the post is being written (please see series‐specific guidelines below). Contributions should connect to the nexus of people, food, and nature. Posts should begin with an attention‐catching opening sentence, and the first few lines should link its relevance to the Landscapes for People, Food and Nature Initiative (LPFN). We encourage you to conclude by posing a compelling question and prompting participants to respond by commenting on the post, as this will help engage readers and foster further discussion.
As posts are short, please keep references to outside sources brief and refrain from excessive quotations. You may include one or two links to further reading, but please do not provide a bibliography. We reserve the rights to remove any links deemed inappropriate (unrelated; promotional content; etc.). Each post will be accompanied by at least one photograph and a caption (optional). Feel free to provide your own or suggest a source, otherwise our blog team will identify an appropriate photo. We also encourage the use of infographics, maps, and other multimedia.
Length: 300 – 600 words (not including further reading links). We will not be publishing individual posts longer than 600 words. If you believe a longer post is necessary, we can discuss the option of breaking a larger article into multiple posts for a multi‐day series. For interview posts, please limit the number of questions to no more than five.

Tone:
Because of the diverse reader profile, assume readers may have some background on the topic, but refrain from excessive use of technical language or acronyms. Posts should be informative, but accessible to a wide range of readers with diverse knowledge bases. Posts should feed the curiosity of and appeal to our wide target audience. They should be more personal and informal than academic. Show your sense of humor if possible!

Attribution:
While posted by one of the blog staff members, all guest‐authored contributions will be credited to the author, with name, title, organization, and city/country (please provide these details). No contact information will be given unless explicitly requested, but if blog moderators receive related emails/comments, these will be passed on to the blog author. Please provide the appropriate details for the attribution of photographs, figures, maps, etc. that will be included in the blog post (person and/or organization).
II. Landscape of the Week
Structure:
Posts in this series should paint a picture of an ecoagricultural landscape. This would be composed of a cluster of local ecosystems with a particular configuration of topography, vegetation, land use, and settlement. Landscapes may be defined or delimited by natural, historical, and/or cultural processes, activities or values. Landscapes can incorporate many different features, but all of the various features have some influence or effect on each other. For more information on defining ecoagriculture landscapes, please consult:
http://ecoagriculture.org/page.php? d=228&name=FAQs%20about%20ecoagriculture
Please begin the post with the general context (bioregion, climate, etc.) of the landscape being presented, followed by more specifics on the production systems, spatial organization of the landscape, institutions involved in management, inhabitants and cultural factors, and other pertinent elements. If a landscape approach was purposefully implemented to address certain challenges, these can be included in the context. Suggestions of similar landscapes or those that face similar land management challenges
may be discussed in a post, but the one landscape being showcased should be presented clearly.
Anticipated future developments can be included at the end of the post, particularly if a landscape approach is not yet employed. One photograph of the landscape and one map image should be included.
Tone:
The nature of this series is very descriptive. Feel free to use elements of writing (such as similes, etc.) that might help convey scale, aesthetics, and other characteristics of the landscape.
III. Exploring the Evidence
Structure:
This is the most specialized of the three theme series, and can be laid out similarly to a scientific paper. Each post should begin by offering the question that motivated the research, its relevance to the LPFN, as well as some information on the institutions involved. If there is a description of methods, it should be concise and easily understood by a lay audience. The discussion of results can include references to figures, but two at most.
Because research often stands alone, in this context it is very important that the blog post addresses the “so what?” – the significance of this research for advancing landscape approaches. Please provide at least one relevant figure, and an additional photograph may also be included. You may include one or two links to further reading, but please do not provide a bibliography.
Tone:
Pay particular attention to the language in posts for this series. While the content may be technical in nature, the terms and tone should be accessible and avoid excessive jargon. Unlike in a journal article, feel free to add humor and personality (e.g. daily surveys included identifying and counting tree species, taking soil samples, and dodging the leeches that seemed to fall with every drop of rain). Have fun! IV. Voices from the Field
Structure:
There is considerable flexibility with this series in terms of structure. Some possible formats are anecdotes, interviews, or day‐in‐the‐life. These can be more contemplative or conceptual, but should connect to actual experiences working in a field related to agricultural landscapes. The post can reflect what you personally have to bring to a landscapes approach discussion based on your individual experience working with agricultural landscapes. Discussing your ideas first with a member of the blog team is strongly recommended, considering the lack of definition inherent in this series.
The challenge with the Voices posts is to convey the relationship to landscape approaches. This is your chance to take a particular position on a topic and introduce points of contention. Feel free to be provocative, voice a critique, or issue a call‐to‐action.
Tone:
Readers should be able to identify a voice in the post. The use of first person is encouraged, and the flow can have a story‐like quality. Even if the voice is representing a group, the individual should be identifiable. For example, the ‘voice’ could be that of a researcher in cocoa agroforestry system, a small‐scale farmer in the arid Sahelian region, or even a development worker seated in a UN office.
V. Review Process
Blog post submissions will go through a review and editing process prior to publication. The goal of the blog post review process is to ensure that each post is clear, concise, and relevant to the overall Initiative, blog format, and specific series for which it is written. It should reflect the author’s view on the topic, while contributing to the dialogue around and goals of the Landscapes for People, Food and Nature Initiative.
After submission of a draft, a post will be edited by the EcoAgriculture blog team for consistency of style and tone. The post will then be sent back to the original author for approval and to address any comments made by the reviewer. Once the edited post has been approved by the author, it will undergo one final overview edit by a different member of the blog team and be scheduled to go live
VI. Comments
Reader comments and discussion will be encouraged on the blog. You are encouraged to check back on your post or subscribe to reader comments, and respond directly if you are so inclined. The blog moderator can provide assistance with this if needed.
Please visit the blog (http://blog.ecoagriculture.org) for samples of the style and content of the blog posts. For more information on what is meant by “Landscapes for People, Food and Nature” visit: http://blog.ecoagriculture.org/2012/03/05/terminology/.

Growing Food

October 13, 2012 - Leave a Response

“Most people would say that agriculture is for growing food, and on one level, they are right. The point of agriculture doesn’t stop there, however. At a deeper level, the purpose of agriculture is not just to grow crops and livestock, but to grow healthy, well-nourished people.” (Beatriz Pinheiro, Embrapa)

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