Archive for the ‘Berita-berita’ Category

Improving Resilience to Shocks
June 8, 2014

Food-borne Diseases and Public Health Shocks in East Asia and the Pacific via @youtube

Improving Resilience to Shocks in Regional Contexts. Agusdin Pulungan, President, Indonesia Farmers and Fishers Society Organisation (WAMTI), Indonesia, panelist at Parallel Session 9E on “Building Resilience to Food-borne Diseases and Public Health Shocks in East Asia and the Pacific.” IFPRI 2020 conference on Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security, May 15-17, 2014, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. More information at
UNjobs Association of Geneva – C.p. 322 – 1211 Geneva 21 – Switzerland
Not an official document of the United Nations

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Advancing a nexus approach to the sustainable management of water, soil and waste
November 28, 2013

Interconnected management of the resources water, soil and waste is suited to deal with some of these implications. The participants agreed that the global trends in demography, urbanization and climate will speed up the process of implementing the nexus approach to cope with these trends and the resulting challenges. In this context, it was discussed that models and tools are available or at least already defined to support the integrated management of environmental resources. However, the parameterization and calibration of the models might be difficult because of a lack of input data and monitoring data. The participants agreed that a lack of skilled governance and education hampers the implementation of interconnected management. But it was concluded that capacity development at the individual and institutional level may help to overcome this problem.

The contributors disagreed about the need for more research on the Nexus. But there was a common understanding that waiting for new research results would be a waste of time. Instead, rethinking existing research results from a nexus perspective might be an initial point for taking action. (international kickoff workshop, United Nations University, Dresden,Germany), 11-12 November 2013,

agusdinp,panelist at Kickoff workshop on soil,water,waste, dresden germany,11nov2013kickoff workshop, Nexus, Dresden Germany 11 nov2013,picture

Food and Nature
October 25, 2012

Landscapes for People, Food and Nature Blog Post Guidelines

I. General Guidelines
The blog will target an international audience from developed and developing nations who have an interest in agriculture, food security, natural resources management and/or poverty reduction issues. This will include a cross‐sectoral group including practitioners and researchers of ecological agriculture, political and community leaders, donor groups,
the media, and the general public. A key target audience will be individuals engaged with the Landscapes Initiative knowledge products, Dialogue, and Action and Advocacy elements.
Posts should be exciting and original pieces that offer a new perspective on the respective topic and encourage dialogue on the issue. A variety of styles – journalistic, narrative, commentary – are appropriate, but should reflect the series for which the post is being written (please see series‐specific guidelines below). Contributions should connect to the nexus of people, food, and nature. Posts should begin with an attention‐catching opening sentence, and the first few lines should link its relevance to the Landscapes for People, Food and Nature Initiative (LPFN). We encourage you to conclude by posing a compelling question and prompting participants to respond by commenting on the post, as this will help engage readers and foster further discussion.
As posts are short, please keep references to outside sources brief and refrain from excessive quotations. You may include one or two links to further reading, but please do not provide a bibliography. We reserve the rights to remove any links deemed inappropriate (unrelated; promotional content; etc.). Each post will be accompanied by at least one photograph and a caption (optional). Feel free to provide your own or suggest a source, otherwise our blog team will identify an appropriate photo. We also encourage the use of infographics, maps, and other multimedia.
Length: 300 – 600 words (not including further reading links). We will not be publishing individual posts longer than 600 words. If you believe a longer post is necessary, we can discuss the option of breaking a larger article into multiple posts for a multi‐day series. For interview posts, please limit the number of questions to no more than five.

Because of the diverse reader profile, assume readers may have some background on the topic, but refrain from excessive use of technical language or acronyms. Posts should be informative, but accessible to a wide range of readers with diverse knowledge bases. Posts should feed the curiosity of and appeal to our wide target audience. They should be more personal and informal than academic. Show your sense of humor if possible!

While posted by one of the blog staff members, all guest‐authored contributions will be credited to the author, with name, title, organization, and city/country (please provide these details). No contact information will be given unless explicitly requested, but if blog moderators receive related emails/comments, these will be passed on to the blog author. Please provide the appropriate details for the attribution of photographs, figures, maps, etc. that will be included in the blog post (person and/or organization).
II. Landscape of the Week
Posts in this series should paint a picture of an ecoagricultural landscape. This would be composed of a cluster of local ecosystems with a particular configuration of topography, vegetation, land use, and settlement. Landscapes may be defined or delimited by natural, historical, and/or cultural processes, activities or values. Landscapes can incorporate many different features, but all of the various features have some influence or effect on each other. For more information on defining ecoagriculture landscapes, please consult: d=228&name=FAQs%20about%20ecoagriculture
Please begin the post with the general context (bioregion, climate, etc.) of the landscape being presented, followed by more specifics on the production systems, spatial organization of the landscape, institutions involved in management, inhabitants and cultural factors, and other pertinent elements. If a landscape approach was purposefully implemented to address certain challenges, these can be included in the context. Suggestions of similar landscapes or those that face similar land management challenges
may be discussed in a post, but the one landscape being showcased should be presented clearly.
Anticipated future developments can be included at the end of the post, particularly if a landscape approach is not yet employed. One photograph of the landscape and one map image should be included.
The nature of this series is very descriptive. Feel free to use elements of writing (such as similes, etc.) that might help convey scale, aesthetics, and other characteristics of the landscape.
III. Exploring the Evidence
This is the most specialized of the three theme series, and can be laid out similarly to a scientific paper. Each post should begin by offering the question that motivated the research, its relevance to the LPFN, as well as some information on the institutions involved. If there is a description of methods, it should be concise and easily understood by a lay audience. The discussion of results can include references to figures, but two at most.
Because research often stands alone, in this context it is very important that the blog post addresses the “so what?” – the significance of this research for advancing landscape approaches. Please provide at least one relevant figure, and an additional photograph may also be included. You may include one or two links to further reading, but please do not provide a bibliography.
Pay particular attention to the language in posts for this series. While the content may be technical in nature, the terms and tone should be accessible and avoid excessive jargon. Unlike in a journal article, feel free to add humor and personality (e.g. daily surveys included identifying and counting tree species, taking soil samples, and dodging the leeches that seemed to fall with every drop of rain). Have fun! IV. Voices from the Field
There is considerable flexibility with this series in terms of structure. Some possible formats are anecdotes, interviews, or day‐in‐the‐life. These can be more contemplative or conceptual, but should connect to actual experiences working in a field related to agricultural landscapes. The post can reflect what you personally have to bring to a landscapes approach discussion based on your individual experience working with agricultural landscapes. Discussing your ideas first with a member of the blog team is strongly recommended, considering the lack of definition inherent in this series.
The challenge with the Voices posts is to convey the relationship to landscape approaches. This is your chance to take a particular position on a topic and introduce points of contention. Feel free to be provocative, voice a critique, or issue a call‐to‐action.
Readers should be able to identify a voice in the post. The use of first person is encouraged, and the flow can have a story‐like quality. Even if the voice is representing a group, the individual should be identifiable. For example, the ‘voice’ could be that of a researcher in cocoa agroforestry system, a small‐scale farmer in the arid Sahelian region, or even a development worker seated in a UN office.
V. Review Process
Blog post submissions will go through a review and editing process prior to publication. The goal of the blog post review process is to ensure that each post is clear, concise, and relevant to the overall Initiative, blog format, and specific series for which it is written. It should reflect the author’s view on the topic, while contributing to the dialogue around and goals of the Landscapes for People, Food and Nature Initiative.
After submission of a draft, a post will be edited by the EcoAgriculture blog team for consistency of style and tone. The post will then be sent back to the original author for approval and to address any comments made by the reviewer. Once the edited post has been approved by the author, it will undergo one final overview edit by a different member of the blog team and be scheduled to go live
VI. Comments
Reader comments and discussion will be encouraged on the blog. You are encouraged to check back on your post or subscribe to reader comments, and respond directly if you are so inclined. The blog moderator can provide assistance with this if needed.
Please visit the blog ( for samples of the style and content of the blog posts. For more information on what is meant by “Landscapes for People, Food and Nature” visit:

August 25, 2012

The World Farmers’ Organisation (WFO) welcomes the United Nations decision to declare 2012 the International Year of Cooperatives. This year highlights a renewed interest in the value of farmers organisations, cooperatives), and other rural organisations which has given farmers a voice in issues that affect their lives ensuring their rightful share in the economic and other benefits while reducing potential risks to their way of life.

Agriculture is a vital source of livelihood t represents 40% of the world Gross Domestic Product (GDP); it involves 5 billion hectares of land (1.5 agricultural based and 3.4 breeders and pasture); it engages a labor market of 1.3 billion people, which amounts to about 1/5th of the world population. The 3,4 billion people living in rural areas constitute approximately 49% of the world population Agriculture has great resonance in the rural areas while its impact goes far beyond. 

Notwithstanding its crucial role in feeding the world’s population, in employment, GDP and climate change solutions, the agricultural sector lacks the concerted action and commitment of policy makers to take measures and provide support to protect the sector from the adverse impact of external events and forces that it is vulnerable to. 

In the recent past, world farmers have faced very difficult times due to a variety of reasons, such as price volatilities  in food commodities, financial speculation in agro-food markets and lack of financing and investments in many regions of the world. Farmers’ incomes are the lowest in the world, being 50% below the average salary.

The World Farmers’ Organisation believes that rural organizations enable farmers to realize economic benefits that they could not otherwise achieve on their own, such as improve their bargaining power in the marketplace, reduce costs and benefit from collective marketing. Moreover, in developing countries, farmers organizations and cooperatives play an important role in providing farmers, in particular smallholder farmers, a variety of services such as training in natural resource management as well as better access to information, technologies, innovations etc. In this context the cooperative system represents a fundamental tool for eradicating hunger and reducing poverty, being a catalyst for socially-inclusive development (jobs and income generation).They also represent a powerful means for supporting marginalized groups, such as youth and women.

To better achieve their mission and to assure complete independence, rural organizations should be created and managed by farmers themselves based on their own needs.   However, given their positive role in a national economic and social context, national administrations should enact policies to encourage the creation of independent farmers´ organizations and cooperatives.  The policies should be framed so as to target the farmers and the food sector as opposed to the organizations, and address the need to reduce unnecessary bureaucracy, to the regulation of relationships in the food supply chain, to facilitating access to information and training and to the adoption of international standards for enhancing international trade. 

In the International Year of Cooperatives, the Word Farmers’ Organisation intends to express its strongest support to farmers in the process of establishing rural organizations, such as producers organisation and cooperatives, confident that that process would enable them to improve their position within the food supply chain and increase their competitive position in the markets. In this regard, the WFO with the support of its members, is mandated to engage itself in the following areas at the International level:


–          Raise awareness of national governments on the importance of rural organisations for development. 

–          Promote and develop legal frameworks for facilitating and encouraging the formation of rural organisations as independent bodies.

–          Recognizing that rural organisations are beneficial to society, implement specific policies in support thereof (e.g. tax and credit incentives for farmers).

–          Support investment aimed at guaranteeing sustainable production, stable local and national markets and, in this context, regulate financial and commodity markets.

–          Facilitate the creation of rural organisations’ networks through which famers can overcome daily constrains such as market barriers, lack of access to natural resources and being excluded from  the decision making process.

–          Ensure the implementation of a system that allows the participation of farmers’ representatives in the making of policies affecting their lives.

–          Create forums and convene debates between representatives of government, private sector, civil society and rural organisations.

–          Promote the awareness of farmers on entrepreneurship, innovation, climate services, management etc., through the organisation of conferences, workshops, seminars and the creation of tailor made educational materials (guides, booklets, pamphlets, distance learning) (Prepared by the International Secretariat of WFO)

Bonn 2011 Conference, The water, energy and food security nexus TOWARDS Rio+20 and Beyond Bonn, 18 November 2011
December 6, 2011

There is a common understanding in harmonizing strategies that focuses on one part of Water, food, energy nexus by considering its interconnections benefits, in order to fulfill the demand on water, food and energy as well as the rights of people to access water, food and energy resources.
Along the line, a common awareness is arising to its interconnections of such misuse of resources by misleading investment to serious risks such as:
1. A conflict, geopolitically as well as between state, market and people
2. Social and political instability
3. Irreparable environmental damage
4. Food and water crises
5. Land degradation and deforestation
6. Natural disasters
7. Violations on Human rights
8. Coruption

To ensure the greatest impact of the Bonn 2011 on the Rio 20, it needs to establish the system in which all stakeholders themselves act appropriately : “as the declaration of Rio 82 made clear that states have common but differentiated responsibility” on the deterioration of Global environment. And, as the situation of the international society and economy has drastically changed, then the role of not only nations but also players such as: Civil Society, farmers (family farming), Women’s, Young people, indigenous people, elderly and NGO.
With this diversification of stakeholders, the Bonn 2011 should include their roles and recommendations within these Bonn 2011 conference recommendationsas an embedded one for the rio 20 conference and the international fora.
In order to get the greatest impact of those recommendations, it will be much better if to not ask the questions in the last 30 minutes of the 3 days meetings, that maybe it should be 2 days of the three.
However I believe that in order to ensure the greatest impact of Bonn 2011 we have to act as follow:
1. Focus on implementation
2. Helping farmers make change
3. Use participatory research, participatory extention and knowledge based approach of base practices that
sustain production and minimize the negative impact of farming activities and agriculture investment on the
4. Helping farmers to solve their primary problems by investment in the kind of agriculture that least
implication for energy and water consumption.
5. Agriculture investment policies should be consulted and developed with farmer center approaches, in order to
reduce in equalities in access to critical resources such as land and water.
6. Making education as basic for mobilizing knowledge to realize change.

We do not inherit the earth from our ancestors; we borrow it from our children”.
(Indian/native american proverb)

Vielen Dank,
Agusdin pulungan,
President, WAMTI (Indonesian Farmers and Fishers Society Organization)

Bonn Conference, Water, food, energy nexus, 16-18 November 2011
November 23, 2011

FARMERS SPEAK UP, G20 June 2011, Paris
July 16, 2011


Causes and consequences of price instability in agricultural commodities
Moderated by Christian Schubert, Economic Correspondent for Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (FAZ)
Production choices made by farmers take into account price developments in agricultural commodities. In recent years, the agricultural sector has witnessed heightened price and market instability and a series of food crisis. What are the reasons for this instability and what are the actual consequences on farmers and agricultural production across the world?
§ Presentation by Ann Berg, Expert consultant for FAO on agricultural futures and cash markets
§ Round table of agricultural leaders from the various continents

Agusdin pulungan :
Causes and consequences of price instability in agricultural commodities, an Intervention
Agriculture is complex to become stable, because it does not take place in an economic vacuum. It should be done in harmony with the natural environment, facilitated by proper social context, availability of knowledge and skills, financial resources, the marketing and trade system.
For smallholder’s farmers, agriculture needs to be seen as a struggle to ensure the family to food. In the other hands, agriculture is essential for harmonic socioeconomic development, providing income and become resources to the most vulnerable households. Moreover, have to be implemented in sustainable manner.
From this complexity environment, the markets of agriculture commodities become fragile or instable in its pricing development.
With regard to the opportunity and its risk, I see there are some approaches that might be useful to manage or to minimize the risk.Capacities that must be considered in the Risk management facing the opportunity of market demand as well as price instability:
1. Organizing the farmers by commodities that they produced (farmers group by commodities): FOs and parterns could actively create cooperatives or partnerships and mobilize local resources to help achieve agricultural market/trade development.
2. Using communication instruments:
Cell phone could play an important role in providing market data, even transaction capabilitie. By text messages (cheaper than voice calls,). Farmers could plan in respond to commodities surpluses and shortages. Farmers could compare and negotiate prices ant the arrange for transaction
3. Applying crop insurance ;
In years of drought, flood, hail or insect plague, its reserve to compensate the farmer for his crop losses. Thus, the farmer is insured against financial disaster, the nation is insured against hunger, and both are insured against the price dips and soars of alternating surplus and scarcity.
(Agusdin pulungan, Paris, 16 June 2011)

world cafe, Humid tropic, Ghana
January 21, 2011


Exchanges of knowledge and ideas that helped shape the Humidtropics proposal, one of the CGIAR Research Programs, submitted on 10 September 2010 to the CGIAR Consortium was held 9-10 August 2010 in Accra, Ghana.

Mafia Pupuk Harus Diungkap Jumat, 19 November 2010 | 03:26 WIB KOMPAS/RIZA FATHONI
January 8, 2011

Pekerja memindahkan muatan berupa pupuk urea produksi PT Pupuk Kujang ke atas kapal di Pelabuhan Sunda Kelapa, Jakarta, untuk dikirim ke Pontianak, Senin (15/11). Pemerintah diminta menuntaskan praktik mafia pupuk yang merugikan petani ratusan miliar rupiah.
Jakarta, Kompas – Para petani mendesak pemerintah agar segera menuntaskan kasus mafia pupuk yang merugikan keuangan negara hingga ratusan miliar rupiah. Kasus penyimpangan pupuk bersubsidi yang melibatkan tersangka Alg (62) harus ditempatkan dalam konteks mafia pupuk.
Menurut Ketua Kontak Tani Nelayan Andalan Kabupaten Lumajang, Jawa Timur, Hartono, kasus penyimpangan pupuk bersubsidi yang dilakukan Alg yang saat ini ditangani Kepolisian Daerah Jawa Timur jangan sampai menguap.
Polda Jawa Timur pada 29 September 2010 menggerebek gudang pupuk milik Alg. Di gudang itu, Alg diduga melakukan kejahatan berupa penyimpangan pupuk bersubsidi dengan cara mengganti karung.
Alg membeli pupuk urea bersubsidi dari beberapa merek, mulai dari Pupuk Kaltim, Pupuk Sriwidjaja, Pupuk Kujang, dan Pabrik Kimia Gresik.
Di gudang miliknya, Alg mengganti karung pupuk bersubsidi dengan karung ke pupuk nonsubsidi dengan merek Pupuk Kujang dan diduga dijual ke pabrik pupuk PT P di Probolinggo.
Gudang tempat Alg melakukan kejahatan berada di Jalan Gatot Subroto, Lumajang. Puluhan truk keluar masuk ke area gudang. Meski demikian, kejahatan baru terungkap dua bulan lalu.
Tersangka Alg juga sangat dikenal sebagai ”pemain” pupuk yang selama ini tidak tersentuh hukum. Kejahatan yang dilakukan tersangka telah merugikan keuangan negara hingga Rp 100 miliar.
Perhitungannya, mulai Januari-Oktober 2010, setidaknya ada 10.000 ton urea bersubsidi yang diselewengkan. Dalam lima tahun, volume urea yang diselewengkan diperkirakan 50.000 ton.
Adapun keuntungan yang diperoleh tersangka dari praktik kejahatan ini Rp 2.040 per kilogram. Perhitungannya, harga urea bersubsidi Rp 1.600 per kg dijual ke pabrik lem dengan harga nonsubsidi Rp 3.640 per kg.
Efek jera
Ketua Umum Wahana Masyarakat Tani Indonesia Agusdin Pulungan menyatakan, kasus penyimpangan pupuk bersubsidi dengan tersangka Alg bisa menjadi pintu masuk bagi lembaga penegak hukum yang kredible, seperti Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK), untuk mulai mengungkap beberapa kasus korupsi.
Ada dua keuntungan bila KPK yang melakukan penyidikan dan penyelidikan atas kasus penyelewengan dan korupsi yang melibatkan perusahaan BUMN.
Di satu sisi, langkah KPK bisa menimbulkan efek jera bagi para pelakunya. Di lain sisi, langkah KPK juga bisa mendorong pembersihan di lingkungan BUMN.
”Budaya koruptif memang terjadi di mana-mana, termasuk BUMN. Harus ada langkah dari KPK untuk mulai mengusut kasus korupsi di sektor publik karena sangat merugikan masyarakat, terutama petani,” katanya.
Direktur Jenderal Sarana dan Prasarana Pertanian Kementerian Pertanian Gatot Irianto mengatakan, dari informasi yang dia dapat, dari ciri fisik yang ada, tersangka menyelewengkan pupuk bersubsidi dengan mengganti karung. Produsen lem mendapatkan pupuk dari mafia pupuk yang selama ini kebal hukum bernama Alg.
Gatot mengutuk keras tindakan penyimpangan pupuk bersubsidi karena mencederai petani dan semangat pemerintah dalam membangun pertanian dan membantu petani.
Kementerian Pertanian akan membuat kontrak dengan produsen pupuk bersubsidi agar jaminan pasokan bisa tepat jumlah, jenis, waktu, harga, kualitas, dan tempat.
Hartono mendesak para penegak hukum agar menuntaskan kasus ini. Para pelaku yang terkait harus segera disidangkan agar bisa diketahui bagaimana proses penanganan kasus itu dan siapa saja yang terlibat. Lamanya tersangka melakukan penyimpangan menunjukkan banyak pihak yang terkait. Kejahatan ini sangat merugikan petani. (MAS)

Petani Sulit Mengakses Benih Padi Spesifik Lokasi Menjawab “Climate Change”
June 12, 2009

Jumat, 12 Juni 2009

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